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What Metal Are Partial Dentures Made Of?


Metal partial dentures are usually formed from chrome cobalt, which is a medically approved, light alloy metal. This material is both the strongest and most durable option to use when forming partial dentures, and also ensures no irritation of the gum or mouth. However, they can be unsuitable for individuals with metal allergies. Dentures formed from chrome cobalt are almost always partial or single tooth dentures, which have a metal framework that can support the teeth. It is very uncommon to have full dentures made from chrome cobalt as they require support from natural teeth to ensure they are secure.

Although this type of denture is made from metal, they are almost completely unnoticeable when worn by the patient. This is due to the metal structures being light and compact, so they can be easily concealed when used. Furthermore, in most cases the metal parts are usually concealed by plastic gum and teeth. Additionally, in a chrome cobalt denture both the palate and clasps may be joined together, to increase the level of strength as well as the durability of the partial denture.

Acrylic denture vs cobalt chrome dentures

When deciding on your partial denture, a key factor to consider is the strength and number of teeth you have. If you possess a minimal number of teeth or weak teeth, then acrylic partial dentures may be the ideal solution for you. This is because they do not necessitate the same level of support from your natural teeth as metal partial dentures require. On the other hand, if you have many teeth and they are fairly strong, a metal partial denture can be a very viable solution.

The chrome cobalt metal used in a metal partial denture has numerous advantages over the acrylic used in traditional partial dentures. For example, chrome cobalt is lighter, stronger and more durable, which results in the partial dentures having a more comfortable and less bulky fit in the mouth. Subsequently, a metal partial denture is generally more inconspicuous when used and can give the individual more confidence when they are either eating or speaking. A metal partial denture is also formed to fit more accurately in a patient’s mouth, which will ensure they are very secure and more likely to last longer than an acrylic partial denture.

However, a metal partial denture can have some disadvantages over its acrylic competitor. This includes being more costly. However, the improved quality is arguably worth the increased expenditure required. Another key element to consider is that it is difficult to make adjustments to a metal partial denture compared to a traditional acrylic one. Consequently, if an individual’s mouth does endure significant changes over time, or teeth are extracted, then it can be tough to make the necessary adjustments to the denture. This can mean a completely brand-new partial denture is needed, and further associated hassle.

The cleaning process for metal partial dentures is also more difficult and comprehensive in comparison to the acrylic kind. Consequently, when cleaning metal partial dentures you must ensure you are cautious at all times and follow all instructions given to you by the dentist. This includes not keeping your dentures overnight in denture cleaner, and you must also ensure you read the manufacturer instructions on any denture related products used. This is because most denture related products are made for traditional acrylic dentures, rather than metal dentures.

Making your decision

Now that you know the key details about metal partial dentures and how they compare to traditional ones, you will hopefully be able to decide which material type is best for you. While metal dentures on paper are the premium standard of dentures due to their immense quality, they can be costly. Consequently, you will require private treatment to have metal partial dentures made, and the prices may vary from £1000 – £2500. Moreover, a metal partial denture requires you to be even more strict with regards to oral hygiene, as future changes to this type of denture are extremely difficult. So, if you are able to make the required long-term sacrifices, then the decision is fairly straightforward, as the benefits of a metal partial denture outweighs its cons. If you are still undecided or just want to consult with a dentist direct, we would love to help. If you would like to discuss dentures or any other tooth replacement option, let us know 020 8629 1226.